A Guide Of Information Technology

Information Technology department consisted of a single Computer Operator, who might be storing data on magnetic tape, and then putting it in a box down in the basement somewhere. The history of information technology is fascinating. Information technology is driven by the demands of the new, competitive business environment on the one hand and profound changes in the nature of computers in the other. IT systems come in the shape of many technologically advanced devices which help deliver important to managers who in turn, use this information to make crucial decision regarding the operations of their organization.

Information or Internet Technology can come in the form of computers, robots, sensors, and decision support systems. The newest form of Information & Technologies which is being implemented on the market today is the use of handholds to aid managers and subordinates in their day to day operations. Computer Technology Auditing (IT auditing) began as Electronic Data Process (EDP) Auditing and developed largely as a result of the rise in technology in accounting systems, the need for IT control and the impact of computers on the ability to perform attestation services.

IT is revolutionizing how business operates. Advanced technologies is becoming the single-most powerful force shaping the structure and functioning of work organizations, plants, offices, and executive suites. When people hear the words “Information & business technology,” the first thing that comes to their mind are computers and the Internet. It may also bring up words like “network,” “intranet,” “server,” “firewall,” “security,” as well as more arcane expressions such as “router,” “T-1,” “Ethernet,” or the mysterious and exotic-sounding “VOIP.” the term “Business IT” is not new and has not always referred to things relating to computer. Information technology is as old as the brain itself, if you think of the brain as an information processor. As far as IT being a science, even that goes back as far as the earliest attempts to communicate and store data. And that is essentially what information technology is: the communication and storage of information, along with the ability to process and make use of the information stored.

Information technologies is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS). The information technology department of a large company would be responsible for storing information, protecting data, processing the techniques, transmitting the information as necessary, and later retrieving information as necessary. The benefits resulting from IT Technology benefits were in many different forms such as allowing all firms to accomplish tasks they had been doing before at reduced costs, it opened up possibilities to do things never attempted before, also allowed firms to “re-engineer” parts of their companies and make better strategic positions.

Online Information Technology Career Options

Technology plays a roll in almost every aspect of society today. Technology and computers have worked their way into virtually every home and company across the nation. With this fact comes the necessity for trained individuals who know how to create and implement technology in a variety of ways. Many accredited online schools offer degree distinctions in information technology. Prospective students have a wide range of study options as well as career options.

This field of study allows students to gain an education from earning certificates in specialized areas to obtaining an associate’s degree to a master’s degree. In some fields a doctorate is also available to students. There are different degree options prospective students have when enrolling in an online degree program for information technology. Certificate programs are typically designed for already working professionals who want or need to brush up on the latest technology, and help individuals stay current and competitive in this fast paced industry. Associate degree programs will prepare students for entry-level positions. Students will gain a broad overview of the field and training may take one to two years to complete.

A bachelor’s degree is usually a four-year program that prepares students in a variety of ways and settings how to design software, create communication networks, work with Internet applications, and more. A master’s degree or PhD in the field usually requires one to two years of additional study. These programs are designed to immerse students further into the procedures and principles of information technology that will properly prepare them for senior level careers.

The industry has become increasingly more popular every year with more companies, organizations, and individuals relying on technology and computers. Students will have numerous avenues to choose from when selecting a career path to follow. Students can prepare for their career by getting as much experience with computers as possible and gaining an accredited education. Many individuals will join Internet communities that are dedicated to information technology to stay current with the latest trends and software. These actions will help prospective students in choosing a career path as well as help them with their career.

The most popular career paths are technical consultant, computer programmer, and information technology instructor. Technical consultants are hired by companies to help them install new software, update computer systems, and consult with the company to see what software is right for their needs. They also continue to help the employees understand how to manage the software after installation. Computer programmers take specific functions needed by a company and implement them into a computer system. Translating instructions into a language the computer can read is the overall goal of this career path. Information technology instructors work within technology based companies and schools to instruct students on the different uses of technology. Their goal is to send individuals into the technology industry with confidence.

Start your education today and become a part of this fast paced career. Search for online information technology schools that offer a degree program that will put you on the right track towards your chosen career path.

Future of Technology in Retail

The usage of technology has always benefited the retail industry. It has made the industry more organized, accountable and efficient. There is a lot of scope for the implementation of technology. However we notice that many retailers do not know the power of technology which would have immense impact on the growth of sales if implemented. There is a vast growth in technology but retailers still lag behind in implementation.

Technology has grown in leaps and bounds over the last decade and will continue to grow in a geometric progression. Moore’s law states that “The number of transistors on an integrated circuit will double over every 18 months”. Moore is the co-founder of technology giant Intel. This law changes ones perspective on what impact technology and its applications can have over every industry.

In the retail industry profits are not made through a single transaction but by establishing a rapport and a long term understanding with customers. Getting the customers to be loyal to a store is not an easily accomplished task. It’s all about building reputation and studying a customer’s patterns over a period of time. Profiling of customers help a long way in establishing a rapport and technology can be used in accomplishing this.

RFID or Radio Frequency Identification is a technology that was invented about 60 years ago but has found its application in the Retail industry only recently. Radio frequencies are unique, so its applications lie vastly in identifying objects uniquely. The number of suppliers using RFID has increased by leaps and bounds plainly because they will cease to be suppliers if they do not do so. RFID can be incorporated into existing supply chain management which can reduce the labor required to monitor the goods movement and inventory flow. Used along with a bar code system RFIDs can allow manufacturers and retailers to complement existing systems while gathering more information throughout a supply chain. RFID’s can also act as a security guard at gateways. It can also conduct automatic inventories and reduce stock outs and overages. Accounting discrepancies can also be removed.

Database management systems give retailers efficient tools for profiling customers and managing every point of sale transaction. Well managed and carefully arranged files make it easy to access data from a database. Even a non-programmer can access a database using certain built-in tools.

Large scale markets and malls in India demonstrate a good usage of technology in parking spaces; billing counters and security. The data captured can be used in many ways to give insights on sales and increase profitability. The usage of technology does not end here. It can be used as a powerful marketing tool. Having a website or an online shop can increase sales and also advertise products. It is another avenue to generate revenue and attract more people to stores.

Technology has vast and major implications in virtual shopping, where a customer can shop anything he wants within a few clicks of a button. The best part of having an online shop is that it is accessible all the time. Most stores have a integrated online shopping option which enables customers sitting from their of offices.

Before introducing any new technology to a retail store, a retailer need always ask himself whether it is going to benefit the customer in some way or increases his profitability.

Retail is an industry that is always playing catch up with technology. There is so much scope for retailers to implement technology in their business. The challenge they are facing right now is about how they can go about integrating technology into their business and making it work together as a team to derive the best possible results.